are a number of different police forces in Italy that are responsible
for doing specific duties.
The Carabinieri recently became a separate
armed force, alongside the Army, Navy and Air Force. They are the
most popular of all the police forces. They generally handle crime,
drug offences and public order. To contact them you should telephone
112. The Caribinieri also serve as Italian military police.
In recent years they have been dispatched all over the world in
peacekeeping missions, including Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq.
The Guardia di Finanza is a special police
force who's duties primarily involve investigating money related
crimes, such as tax evasion, smuggling, money laundering and counterfeiting.
The Polizia di Stato, or the State Police,
is the National Police Force of Italy. They are the police who patrol
the autostrada (motorway) and deal with investigative and
law enforcement duties. Should you be assaulted or robbed these
are the police you should contact. They are a civilian police force,
whilst the Caribinieri are military or paramilitary. The
Polizia di Stato's headquarters are in Rome, but
there are Regional and Provincial divisions scattered all over Italy.
The Polizia Penitenziaria (Prison Guards)
take care of all the transportation of inmates and look after the
Italian prison system.
The Corpo Forestale dello Stato control
the forests and national parks. They fight poachers, safeguard protected
animals and help prevent forest fires.
The Vigili Urbani deals with traffic.
When in trouble, contact the local Questura
(police station), which will also deal with lost passports.