Italy is known for its fine collection of
museums holding some of the world’s most famous pieces. From
art to gastronomy, the selection of museums to be discovered in
Italy are astounding.
Some of Italy’s most visited art museums
include the following:
degli Uffizi is the most popular museum in Italy, which features
the country’s highly notable art collection contained in the
grand Uffizi Palace. It is primarily known for Borticelli’s
Birth of Venus and Titian’s Venus of Urbino.
dell’Accademia is dedicated to the works of Michelangelo
and is home to the artist’s famous statue “David”.
It has expanded its collection to incorporate Florentine Gothic
painting, Russian Icons, Italian Renaissance and Baroque works.
Palazzo Pitti features three important galleries: The Galleria d’Arte
Moderna (Gallery of Modern Art) offers a wide collection of Tuscan
art, the highlight of the collection being Antonio Canova’s
sculpture “Head of Napoleon”; The Galleria Palatina
contains more than 500 paintings from the private collection of
the Medici family featuring the renowned “Donna Velata”
from Raphael’s works. The Boboli Gardens display furniture,
silverwares, vases, gems, cameos, porcelains and enamels from various
historical periods. Museo del Bargello was formerly a prison and
police station which now serves to showcase marble and bronze masterpieces
by Donatello, Michelangelo and others. Monastery of San Marco is
particularly proud of its Cloister of St. Anthony and paintings
from the most important artists of the Early Renaissance including
“The Annunciation” by Fra Angelico, “Savonarola”
by Fra Bartolome and “The Last Supper” by Ghirlandaio.
Other highly recommended art museums are the Museo
Archeologico, Pinacoteca di Brera, Galleria Borghese and the Vatican
Museums containing the most majestic treasures in the world.
History museums specialise in the past of a particular
country, region or city. In Italy, some of the most famous ones
include The Colosseum
and Palatine Hill have an unusual display and fitting tribute to
the Roman achievements and architecture. It is officially known
as the Amphitheatrum Flavium where spectacles of entertainment such
as gladiator fights, exotic hunts and staged naval battles took
place. The Domus Aurea, nicknamed as the “House of Gold”
due to its rooms, halls and corridors that were lavishly decorated
with gold, silver and previous stones. It was the residence that
was constructed on the orders of Emperor Nero when much of Rome
was burned down by a great fire.
Science museums in Italy of note include the “Leonardo
da Vinci” National Museum of Science and Technology. Located
in Milan, this is considered one of the most important museums of
its category in the world. Car Museums such as the Galleria
Ferrari, Museo dell’Automobile, Museo Storico Alfa Romeo,
Pininfarina Collection, Museo Tazio Nuvolari, Museo Ford Gratton,
Museo dell‘Automobile di San Martino, Quattroruote Collection,
Museo Di Auto E Moto D’Epoca, Museo dell’Automobile
and Museo delle Motociclette Ducati can be found all over Italy.
Most are car documentation and exhibit centers of past and current
models, prototypes, relics, pictures, images and memorabilia.
For lovers of nature, places not to be missed
are The Botanical Gardens of the University of Bologna, Hanbury
Botanic Gardens, the “La Sapienza”, the "Giardino
dei Semplici”, the Catania Botanical Gardens and the Torino
Botanic Garden, which feature thousands of specimens of exotic and
local plants. Most are dedicated to the cultivation of medicinal
and aromatic plants, ornamental plants, artificially created woods
and the reconstruction of different natural habitats.
Gastronomic Museums exist in Italy in keeping
with its world famous tradition of gastronomy. The country’s
history of food and wines can be learned through these museums.
Some museums of this type are the National Museum of Pasta, Olive
Tree Museum, Salt-Works History Museum, Martini Museum of the History
of Oenology, Grappa Museum, Grapes and Wine Museum and the Citrus
Italy is also home to a host of unique museums,
such as the Waste Museum, Umbrella and Parasol Museum, Museum of
Train Models, Pipe Museum, Toy and Child Museum, Climbing Boot Museum,
Tapestry Museum, Paper and Watermark Museum, the Historical Museum
of Medical Art and the Museum of Cinema.